Skip to main content

Located in Northern Australia, the Kimberley region—comprised of over 2.5 million square kilometers—is an area of ancient lands filled with untouched wildlife and remarkable cultures. The area is also home to an incredible number of Boab trees which carry with them an intriguing history.

These native Australian trees, which can live up to 200 years and have been used by Indigenous people for centuries through agriculture, traditional medicines and bush foods, are also becoming known for their unique carvings etched into their trunks. What’s even more incredible is that these intricate carvings tell a story about the forgotten history of Australia—one that some may not even be aware exists.

In this article, we will explore the Boab tree carvings and learn more about how they are serving to uncover the forgotten history of Australia’s Kimberly region.

Introduction to Boab Trees in Australia

Tucked away in the outbacks of Australia, tall and sturdy Boab trees have been standing tall for centuries. These trees are more than just a tourist attraction, however, as the Aboriginal people of Australia have carved their stories and heritage into the trunks of these ancient trees.

Becoming familiar with the boab tree carvings will provide an insight into Australia’s forgotten history; this is because these carvings provide a unique source of information about the customs, beliefs and practices of Aboriginal people from years ago. This practice of storytelling through carving was also used to mark cultural boundaries, preserving stories and teachings for future generations.

The aboriginal culture is deep-rooted in spirituality and tradition and it’s essential to honor the stories by not only preserving them but also by truly understanding their meaning. By exploring these boab tree carvings, we can not only understand but honor this cultural practice while gaining an insight into Australia’s forgotten history.

Aboriginal Art and Cultural Significance of Boab Trees

The boab tree has deep roots in Aboriginal culture, used for centuries to tell stories and express beliefs. One of the oldest methods of storytelling is through carving images onto trees, which serves as an important link to the past. Ancient Aboriginal art found on boab trees tells stories of trade routes that crossed Australia thousands of years ago, as well as depicting sacred ceremonies and spiritual beliefs.

This ancient artwork features distinct symbols known as ‘songlines’ which weave together a narrative that helps tell the story of the land and its people. These songlines are believed to be made up of secret symbols known only to certain community members and can be found across Australia on boab trees. It is a fascinating cultural practice that has been passed down through generations and continues to provide valuable insight into Aboriginal life in days past.

By preserving these carvings, we ensure they will live on for generations to come and serve as a reminder of how diverse and rich Australia’s culture is. By understanding this heritage, we can begin to better appreciate what it means for our nation’s identity today.

Common Motifs of Boab Tree Carvings

Did you know that boab trees have some of the oldest carvings in Australia? These ancient carvings, which have been roughly estimated to be 500 to 2000 years old, reveal a forgotten history in Australia.

In the Northern Territory and Kimberley regions of Western Australia, Aboriginal people etched images of fish, snakes and animals into the boab tree trunks. This practice is seen as a way for Aboriginal people to pay homage to their ancestors and keep their ancient stories alive.

Common motifs

The most common motifs found on boab tree carvings are individuals with raised arms, believed to represent ancestral figures. There are also carving patterns that depict creatures such as turtles and goannas, which are deeply sacred and symbolize important spiritual narratives. Furthermore, there are carvings of fish which embody important elements of both local culture and Indigenous spirituality.

These etchings demonstrate how Indigenous storytelling is kept alive through generations, connecting ancient Australian history with present day culture. It truly is an honor for us to be able to uncover this forgotten part of our country’s history using boab tree carvings as a tool for education.

What’s in a Boab Tree Carving?

When you look closely at a boab tree carving, there’s a lot more to it than meets the eye. As well as stories of different cultures, the carvings serve as a physical reminder of Australia’s fascinating and diverse past.

Symbols and Carvings

The symbols and carvings in each boab tree tell a unique story which can tell us about the area’s history, culture, people and landmarks. In some areas, you might see a carving of a waterhole, and in others you might see symbols of Aboriginal clans or totems. The mark-making techniques used in all these carvings are also revealing: for example, some might have been carved with sharp stones or bones.

Preservation Efforts

Protecting Australia’s boab trees is important work, but it can be difficult because some are hundreds of years old—meaning they’re exposed to weathering and erosion. Fortunately though, there are organizations which focus on preserving historical sites like these. For example, organizations like the Botanical Gardens Conservation International (BGCI) use technology to map out these sites and provide data that helps aid efforts to preserve them.

Preserving Australia’s Boab Trees

You might not know this, but preserving boab trees is an important part of preserving Australia’s forgotten history. Boab trees have been used by Indigenous Australians as a way to communicate with each other and document their history for centuries. Boab tree carvings are some of the oldest surviving forms of oral storytelling in Australia, and they can provide invaluable insight into the culture and history of Aboriginal Australians.

Connecting with Indigenous People

By preserving boab trees and examining the carvings found on them, we can connect with Indigenous Australians on a deeper level and gain an understanding of their histories. These ancient carved trees can unlock secrets about Aboriginal Australians that may otherwise have been lost to time, such as stories about creation, Dreamtime, navigation between tribes, the trading of food and other goods, and even stories about spiritual connections to the land.

Understanding History

Boab tree carvings provide a powerful link back to indigenous history. By exploring these ancient stories, we can gain a better understanding of Aboriginal history and culture than ever before. It is also a great way for non-Aboriginal people to get a glimpse into what life was like for Australia’s First Nations Peoples before colonialism took hold.

Not only do these carvings provide a window into the past, but they are also an important reminder that Australia has an incredible cultural heritage which deserves to be respected and preserved for future generations.

How to Show Support for the Art Form

If you’re interested in supporting this incredible art form and its endangered cultural significance, there’s plenty of ways to do that.


You can donate directly to the art project, which helps towards the costs of taking educational trips and providing materials for the traditional craft.


You can also volunteer with one of the many local organizations dedicated to preserving the boab tree carvings and teaching them to younger generations.

Attend workshops and events

You can also attend workshops and events organized by these local organizations, where you can participate in activities such as replicating boab carvings or learning about the history behind them.

By supporting this amazing traditional art form, you are not only helping to preserve its cultural significance but are also passing on an important part of Australian history to generations to come.


From the European settlers who marked their passage to the Aboriginal Australians who carved stories, spiritual beliefs, and artwork into the trunks of boab trees, these ancient trees are a living piece of history. The boab tree carvings are a window into both the past and the present, allowing us to get a better understanding of the lives of the people who once inhabited the land.

By bringing to light the forgotten history of Australia, we can appreciate the spiritual roots of the country and respect the culture of the Aboriginal Australians. Boab tree carvings are a powerful reminder of how much can be learned from Australia’s past, and how important it is to preserve these stories and traditions.

Leave a Reply